Volume 12, Issue 1  |  March 2020  |  VIEW THEME   



The recent coronavirus outbreak inevitably brings to mind the Spanish flu, the deadly influenza pandemic of a century ago. Here we republish seven articles about this devastating viral disease that spread to the four corners of the world, killing an estimated 50 million people, and leaving behind bitter memories and fears that someday history may repeat itself.

A flu that brought nations to a standstill
By Jennifer Summers
Katherine Anne Porter and the 1918 Influenza Epidemic
By Cristóbal S. Berry-Cabán
Family encounters with pathogens 100 years apart
By Meredith Wright
The Siamese Expeditionary Force of World War I and the Spanish Flu
By Khwanchai Phusrisom & Stephen Martin
Emerging infections: a perpetual challenge
By David M Morens, Gregory K Folkers, & Anthony S Fauci
Bugs and people: when epidemics change history
By Salvatore Mangione
“It’s vinegar saved her”: folk medicine, food, and the flu in A Time of Angels
By Rachel Conrad Bracken



Volume 12, Issue 1  |  February 2020  |  VIEW THEME   


“Heard it through the Grapevines” The Black Barbershop as a source of information
By Joyce Balls-Berry, Lea C. Dacy, & James Balls
Character, genius, and a missing person in medicine
By Carry Barron
The first Black owned and operated medical institution in the United States
By Raymond H. Curry & VeeLa Senstacke Gonzales
Freedman’s Hospital
By Yanglu Chen
Dr. Rebecca Cole and racial health disparities in nineteenth-century Philadelphia
Meg Vigil-Fowle
African American medical pioneers
Mariel Tishma
“Mississipi Appendectomy” and other stories: when silence is complicity
Alida Rol
“Without dissent”: Early black physicians in Alabama
A.J. Wright




Volume 12, Issue 1  |  January 2020  |  VIEW ARTICLE   


Under the rule of the Medici family, Florence became one of the wealthiest city-states in Europe and the locus of the rebirth in arts, literature, and science of the cultural European Renaissance of the fifteenth century.
Cosimo the Elder Lorenzo the Magnificent Piero de’ Medici (“The Gouty”) Cosimo I, Grand Duke of Tuscany





Volume 12, Issue 1  |  December 2019  |  VIEW THEME   


Doctor Moore in Italy
By Einar Perman
Of starlit huts and Sahelian sand
By Sara Buck
Travels with Genghis
By Robert R. Schenck
Doctor on expedition to the Antarctic
By Bryan Walpole
Stendhal syndrome, a hazard of tourism
George Dunea
The waiting room
Jessie Seiler
A column of volcanic sand
David Gullette
Taking note from nature: the wild heart of Panama
Rachel Kowalczyk




Volume 11, Issue 4  |  December 2019  |  VIEW THEME   



The year 2019 celebrates the 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci, one of the greatest painters and polymaths of all time. Born near Florence in 1452, he moved to Milan at age thirty, but towards the end of his life (1516) was recruited by King Francis I to move to France. He died in the Castle of Amboise three years later on 2 May 1519. An unverified story tells that he died in the arms of his patron and protector, King Francis. We honor the achievements of this great man by reprinting several articles published about him in our journal.

Leonardo’s anatomical studies…
By Julia King
Leonardo and the reinvention of anatomy
By Salvatore Mangione
Leonardo’s heart
By Robert R. Schenck
Da Vinci and the spherical uterus…
By John Massie
Leonardo da Vinci: anatomist




Volume 11, Issue 4  |  November 2019  |  VIEW THEME   


Character, genius, and a missing person in medicine
By Carrie Barron
Paul Dudley White
By Philip R. Liebson
Samuel A. Levine
By Philip R. Liebson
James Bryan Herrick
By Philip R. Liebson
Helen Taussig: mother of pediatric cardiology
By Colin K.L. Phoon
Adrian Kantrowitz: the IABA and the LVAD
Philip R. Liebson
Austin Flint: eminent American physician
George Dunea
Dr. Robert E. Gross
Philip R. Liebson




Encore: in case you missed it

The castrati: a physician’s perspective


“Normal”, “The Monster” and other work

Therapeutic beauty




Volume 11, Issue 4  |  September 2019  |  VIEW THEME   


Rosalyn Yalow: opinion and actions
By Maja Nowkowski
Virginia Apgar: our Jimmy 
By Yasaswi Paruchuri
Elizabeth Blackwell
By JMS Pearce
Frances Oldham Kelsey
By Kevin R. Loughlin
Cicely Williams and Kwashiorkor
By Sue Reeves
Alice Hamilton
By Anne Jacobson
Madge Thurlow Macklin: medical genetics
By William Leeming
Ida Sophia Scudder
Angela Ann Joseph
Marie Elizabeth Zakrzewska: immigrant, physician, teacher:
Cynthia Kramer
Hazel Louise McGaffey
Byron McGaffey & Ann McGaffey




Volume 11, Issue 1  |  September 2019  |  VIEW ARTICLE   


During the expansion of the Empire of Islam and its ensuing Golden Age, physicians from Spain to Samarkand advanced the medical sciences by reviving existing Greek medicine and adding their own innovations.1 We have selected here the most prominent physicians who contributed to the remarkable flowering of Islamic medicine and are referenced in our journal,

  • Mesua, Yalhya ibn Masawaih c.777-857
  • Joannitius, Hunayn ibu Ishaq el Ibadi 809-873
  • Rhazi, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi 865-925
  • Al Kindi c.801-c.873
  • Haly Abbas Ali ibn al-‘Abbas al-Majusi, or Masoudi 982–994
  • Albucasis Abu Al-Qasim Khalaf Ibn Al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi 936-1013 AD
  • Al Hazen Hasan Ibn al-Haytham c.965-c.1040
  • Avicenna Ibn Sinna 980-1037
  • Averroes  or Ibn Rushd 1126-1198
  • Ibn al-Nafis 1210-1288
  • Maimonides or Moses bin Maimon 1135-1204
  •  Avenzoar Abumeron or Abu Merwan Abd-al-Malik ibn Zuhr 12th century




Volume 11, Issue 4  |  September 2019  |  VIEW THEME   


The first ten hospitals on the American Continent
By Marco Antonio Ayala-Garcia
The Van Buren Hospital in the history of Chile
By Carlos Astudillo
A lesson in horizontality: El Hospital San Vicente de Paul in Medellin, Columbia
By Moises Enghelberg
Gorgas Hospital, Ancon, Panama
By W. Paul McKinney
Hospital Municipal Sebastiao Martins Alves, Lecois, Bahia
By Eleanor Stanford
Daniel Carrion and his disease
By George Dunea
Art, Cristobal Rojas, and tuberculosis:
MS Landaeta, AL Schenone, GW Rutecki
Rene Favaloro
Earl C. Smith




Volume 11, Issue 4  |  September 2019  |  VIEW THEME   


La Maison: a palliative care center in France
By Eric Breitbart
The Hotel-Dieu de Beaune, a testament to the health benefits of religious charity and vineyards
By Kate E. Shipman & Sudarshan Ramachandran
Charcot and his “grande hysteriques”
By George Dunea
Illness or Intoxication? Diagnosing a French clown
By Sally Metzler
Monet and his cataracts
By Caitlin Meyer
Architecture and the French hospital
Sarah Hartley
The general hospital – all are welcome
Jan W.P.F. Kardaun
Edgar Degas’ light sensitivity and its effects on his art
Zeynel Karcioglu
Gericault’s art of insanity
Caitlin Meyer
Henri De Toulous Lautrec & Medicine
Caitlin Meyer



Editor’s Choice


By V. Rodilla, A. López-Castellano,
C. Ribes-Vallés

Featured on Mar. 16, 2020

Adages: maxims, axioms, and sayings

     . . . . .

” Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read but not curiously, and some few to be read wholly and with great diligence and attention.”

Francis Bacon

     . . . . .

” I was not a good doctor, my studies had been too rapid, my hospital training too short, but there is not the slightest doubt that I was a successful doctor. What is the secret of success? To inspire confidence. What is confidence?…. I do not know I only that it cannot be acquired by book reading, nor by the bedside of our patients. It is a magic gift granted by birth-right to one man and denied to another. The doctor who possesses this gift can almost raise the dead.” 

Axel Munthe, The Story of San Michele

     . . . . .