Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities


A – J

Wyn Beasley
Andreas Vesalius: Wesel to Basel

Angela Belli
Andreas Vesalius’ audience speaks out

Peter H. Berczeller
Learning anatomy in medical school

Elisabeth Brander
Bidloo and Ruysch: Anatomy and art in the 17th century Netherlands
Handmaidens of anatomy

Richard Brown and Thalia Garvock-de Montbrun
Why did Darwin drop out of medical school?

Tan Chen
Rembrandt—The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp

George Dunea
Antonio Scarpa, anatomist (1752–1832)
Gabriele Falloppio (Fallopius, 1523–1562)
Giovanni Batista Morgagni (1602–1771)
Marcello Malpighi (1628–1694)
Juan Valdeverde de Amusco (1525–1588)
Hieronymus Fabricius of Acquapendente (1537–1619)
Anatomy before Vesalius
Anatomy plates: More shocking than useful
George Stubbs – “Horse painter” and anatomist
Antonio Valsalva of the maneuver (1666–1723)
Honoré Fragonard anatomist: Artistic embalmer
Bartolomeo Eustachio of the Anatomical Trinity
Berengario da Carpi, pre-Vesalian anatomist (1460–1530)
Guido Guidi, the anatomist known as Vidus Vidius
Johann Conrad Brunner and his work on the pancreas
Adrianus Spigelius, the last great Paduan anatomist
Henry Gray and his textbook of anatomy
Costanzo Varolio, who described the pons
Antonio Benivieni, early anatomist and pathologist
Gerard Blasius (1627–1682)
Julius Caesar Aranzi, anatomist and surgeon of Bologna
Sir Robert Carswell, illustrious medical illustrator
Dr. Auzoux and his papier-mâché anatomical models
The wax models of Clemente Susini (1752–1814)
The two Sylvius anatomists
Anna Morandi, famous anatomist of Bologna
Marie François Xavier Bichat (1771–1802)
Charles-Pierre Denonvilliers, anatomist and reconstructive surgeon

F. Inge Faust
The Autopsy
The Autopsy II

Emmanuelle Godeau
Dissecting cadavers: learning anatomy or a rite of passage?

Frank Gonzalez-Crussi
The face of a very trivial death

Adéla Janíčková
Surgeon’s hands in Vesalius’s portraits and Rembrandt’s The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp

K – P

Julia King
Leonardo’s anatomical studies: from ancient imaginations to meticulous observations

Anna Lantz
Mondino de’ Liuzzi
Andreas Vesalius: an anatomical pop-up
Giulio Casserio’s anatomical atlas

Aubrie Lee
Cadaver Palavers

Donatella Lippi and Luigi Padeletti
Vesalius: the true face of anatomy

Kevin Loughlin
Harvard medical school and the body snatchers
John Hunter, Harvey Cushing, and acromegaly

Salvatore Mangione
Leonardo and the reinvention of anatomy

Catherine Mas
William Alcott and the cultural meaning of medical knowledge in the nineteenth century

John Massie
The curious tale of Leonardo Da Vinci and the spherical uterus

Alexandra Mavrodi and George Paraskevas
Bernardino Genga – the artistic nature of an anatomist

Gianfranco Natale, Rosalba Ciranni, and Paola Lenzi
Vesalius in Pisa

Allister Neher
Classicism and Sir Charles Bell’s Engravings of the Nerves

James Nie
As I lay dead

Charlene Ong
Neuroanatomy: a transition in understanding and observation

JMS Pearce
Vesalius: spirit of excellence and inquiry
Foundations of anatomy in Bologna
The Dutch anatomy lessons
Forensic medicine and Sir Bernard Spilsbury

R – Z

Mary V. Seeman
Cadavers for dissection

Stefania Spano
Laughing in the face of death: Ruysch, dark humor & subversion of the memento mori in anatomical art

Mauro Spicci
Anatomical ghosts in The Merchant of Venice

Harriet Squier
Against anatomy lab

Shreya Srivastava
Anatomy of the Araimandi

Goran Štrkalj
Galen, macaques, and the growth of the discipline of human anatomy

Goran Štrkalj and William Hunt
Anatomical fugitive sheets revived: medical history as a stimulant for active learning and reflection

Frazer A. Tessema
What’s Inside Us?: socio-cultural themes in anatomical naming

Jennifer Xu
The body vanished: Sebald’s view of dissection in Rembrandt’s The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp

Fabio Zampieri and Alberto Zanatta
The revolution of Andreas Vesalius

Larry Zaroff
Leonardo’s heart

Roseanne F. Zhao
In pursuit of a new anatomy


Leonardo da Vinci: Anatomist
An interrupted dissection
Atlas of head sections 
Cells of an embryo 
Opening the left ventricle
Between Vesalius and the CAT scan (Howard Fischer)
Diocles of Carystus
Conflict about the clitoris: Colombo versus Fallopio
(Howard Fischer)
Herophilus, the true father of anatomy? (Philip Liebson)