Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Antiquity, Middle Ages, & Islam

Antiquity & the Middle Ages

Antiquity & the Middle Ages

Hussain A. Al-Sardar
Medicine in ancient Nineveh
The first general hospital in Baghdad

Burton R. Andersen
Comparison of ancient Mesopotamian and Hippocratic medicine

Abigail Cline Appler
Claudius: the Caesar never meant to be emperor

Arpan K. Banerjee
Book review: Greco-Roman Medicine and What it Can Teach Us Today

Glenn D. Braunstein
Tutankhamun’s androgynous appearance

Felipe Fernandez del Castillo
Scribonius Largus

George Dunea
Many physicians have slain a king
The death of Alexander the Great
Death in ancient times
Eumenes: even horses need to take regular exercise
Byzantine physicians
Aretaeus of Cappadocia, second only to Hippocrates
Aristotle and the four humors
Moses Maimonides—physician and philosopher

Patrick Guinan
Virgil and the Aeneid

Maureen Hirthler
Medicine in the afterlife – The Egyptian Book of the Dead

Zeynel Karcioglu
Anastasius the “odd-eyes”

Steph Magowan
Alcmaeon of Croton, philosopher physician

James A. Marcum
Schola Medica Salernitana and medieval medical philosophy

Sally Metzler
Emperor Claudius and his physician, Xenophon of Kos

Andrew Miller
The medical university of Jundi-Shapur

Maria Alexandra Monteiro
Pantaleon or Pantaleimon- a most noble physician

Carlos G. Musso
PDF DocumentFinding the Present in the Past: Ancient Mexican Medicine
PDF DocumentImhotep: The Dean among the Ancient Egyptian Physicians – An example of a complete physician
PDF DocumentMegas Alexandros (Alexander The Great)

Jenna Nickas
Lessons learned from the Greeks: The physician-patient relationship in Hippocratic Gynecology

JMS Pearce
Medicine in Greek mythology

Andrés D. Pelavski
Our attitudes towards disease, a Ciceronian legacy

Nicolas Roberto Robles
Obesity in the Middle Ages: Sancho el Craso

Ammar Saad
The art of not eating

Mariami Shanshashvili
Where philosophy and medicine overlap

Sara Öberg Strådal
Medieval medical diagrams: meanings, audiences, and functions

Mariel Tishma
From the goddess of healing to hair of the dog: the role of canines in health myth and fact

Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe
Mithridates, “deadly poison” in history, and a classic misdiagnosis

John J. Turner
The remarkable Baldwin IV: Leper and king of Jerusalem



Rabie E. Abdel-Halim
Lithotripsy: a historical review

Saleh Aldasouqi
Interviewing, Gibran, calligraphy

Sara Ali
Medical education in medieval Islam

Asad Bakir and George Dunea
Al-Biruni (973–1048)

Aneesa Bodiat
Mixing medicine – religion and science

Ryan Cohen
Rhinoplasty and the roosari from ancient Persia to modern day Iran

Nada Darwish and Alan Weber
Muslim women healers of the medieval and early modern Ottoman Empire

George Dunea
From Baghdad to Chicago by Asad A. Bakir
Ibn Rushd (Averroes), medieval polymath
Islamic medicine
Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Baghdad physician and polymath

Nicholas Ghantous
Physical benefits of Salat prayers in Islam

Philip R. Liebson
Philosophy of science and medicine series – VI: Islamic science

Fadlurrahman Manaf
Abulcasis, the pharmacist surgeon

Kera Panni
In the heart of Damascus

Shireen Rafeeq
Avicenna, the prince of physicians

Ramin Sam
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

Alan S. Weber
Ibn Sīnā cures a prince who thinks he is a cow

Mona Youssef
Bimaristan al-Mansouri

Richard Zhang
America’s Arab refugees: vulnerability and health on the margins