Tag Archives: Spanish Civil War

George Orwell and the Spanish Civil War: A brush with death

James L. Franklin Chicago, Illinois, United States   Picture of George Orwell which appears in an old accreditation for the BNUJ. From: Archive.org Accessed via Wikimedia   Robert Capa’s “The Fallen Soldier” is the iconic photograph of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The original title was “Loyalist Militiaman at the Moment of Death, Carro Muriano, September […]

Blood’s journey: from lab technology to industrial technology

Cristina Sans-Ponseti Barcelona, Spain   Josep Antoni Grifols-Roig at the injection phase of a blood transfusion using his flebula transfusora (Instituto Central de Análisis Clínicos, 1930). Source: Grifols, S.A. Nowadays, it is usual to see donation centers storing blood worldwide. Blood banks meet the demand for blood in order to perform transfusions and produce plasma-based […]

The history and significance of voluntary, non-remunerated blood donation

Hans Erik Heier Oslo, Norway   Fig. 1. Poster for recruitment of blood donors in Bristol, UK, in 1944. “While we have now begun to understand the cost of everything, we are in danger of losing track of the value of anything” (Ann Oakley and John Ashton, 1993)   Volutary, non-remunerated blood donation in catastrophe […]

Norman Bethune’s mobile blood transfusions

Irving Rosen Toronto, Ontario, Canada   Canadian Blood Transfusion Unit which operated during the Spanish Civil War. Dr. Norman Bethune is at the right. ca. 1936 – 1937 / Spain. From the Library and Archives Canada. Public Domain. Norman Bethune was born in Ontario’s cottage country in 1895 to missionary parents who influenced him to […]

The Fantus clinic and the blood bank of Chicago

There was an old four-story building on the campus of Cook County Hospital that had long served as its outpatient department. It had on each floor crowded clinics where patients waited long on hard benches to be seen. It had clinics for high blood pressure, where pills were prescribed, but not necessarily taken; clinics for […]

Elizabeth Fleischmann-Aschheim

Rebekah Burgess Abramovich New York, USA   Fig. 1. Fleischmann Examining a patient with a fluoroscope (Camera Craft, June 1901). Courtesy of Palmquist Elizabeth Fleischmann-Aschheim (1865-1905) opened California’s first X-ray photography laboratory in 1896, merely one year after Roentgen’s discovery. Over the course of the next decade, this unlikely figure would become one of the […]