Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Tag: Franz Volhard

  • History of nephrology: modern era

    George Dunea Chicago, Illinois, United States   Twentieth century Three major developments—renal biopsy, dialysis, and transplantation—revolutionized nephrology in the second half of the 20th century. Renal biopsy transformed the diagnostic approach to renal disease from a clinical methodology to one based on morphological analysis. Presently over one million patients with renal failure are maintained by…