Tag Archives: Fall 2015

Oppression in nursing practice

Denise Pasieka University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (Fall 2015) Oppression is the dehumanization of another and is often viewed as a negative result of power. It occurs when there are efforts to reduce, confine, and discipline people into subordination.1Oppressive behaviours are noted in nursing practice today but are often not questioned; instead, they are […]

Gilyarovsky and Gannushkin psychiatric hospitals in Moscow

Sergei Jargin Moscow, Russia   Fig. 1. Gilyarovsky psychiatric hospital in Moscow, founded 1808. The Gilyarovsky and Gannushkin psychiatric hospitals can be discussed together because the latter was founded in 1913 as a branch of the former, becoming a separate institution only in 1931. Both hospitals are located not far from each other, near the […]

The Old Cook County Hospital of Chicago

George Dunea This venerable hospital still exists, but in some ways it exists no more, because in 2002 it was renamed, rebuilt, and drastically reduced in size. But some half a century ago it was one the largest hospitals in the world. It had a bed capacity of 4,500, almost 100,000 admissions each year, and […]

Westerbork Hospital—a blessing in disguise

Annabelle S. Slingerland Leiden, the Netherlands   Westerbork Hospital from the outside This year Westerbork Hospital in the east of the Netherlands celebrates its seventieth anniversary, not of its birth but of its closure. Despite its well-deserved reputation for medical care, it was part of Polizeiliches Durchgangslager Westerbork, a Nazi concentration camp that held persons selected […]

Consumption, Collapse, and Family by Alice Neel

Gregory Rutecki   “The personal images in Alice Neel’s work not only reflect her life, they also provide metaphors …There is no peace…in (her) paintings, only agitated recognition of inevitable struggles.”1 “…Alice Neel described the 20th Century as she experienced it, living in the ghetto with those against whom most of society discriminated. She has […]

Tuberculosis Retrenched at Saranac Lake: A Herald for Contemporary Hospitals

Gregory M. Rutecki   Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau in his Laboratory “…progress is the retrenchment of diseases.”1 “In 1870, physicians could do little to cure…A hundred years later they intervene…in many…diseases. In a single century…understanding of disease increased more than in the previous forty centuries combined.”2 At the fin de siècle, American Medicine acquired a […]

A Return to a Moralistic Perception of Disease: Prudence in the Time of Cholera

Lauren Lewis   During the 1830s, a critical shift in thinking occurred about the causes of disease as medical practitioners increasingly shifted their views of causation towards the environment and away from morality and the individual. However, not all followed this shift in thinking, as evinced by Sylvester Graham, a deeply spiritual Presbyterian minister and […]

Observations on acronyms

JMS Pearce Hull, England, United Kingdom   When Prime Minister David Cameron recently thought that LOL meant lots of love, not laugh out loud, he appeared out of touch. (The Guardian, May 11, 2012) He illustrated the difficulties that acronyms can cause. But acronyms are not new. The Romans used SPQR to abbreviate Senatus populusque […]

Anton Chekhov and the Sakhalin Penal Colony

Michael Bloor United Kingdom   In the nineteenth century the Czarist Government wanted to create an Arctic Australia by establishing a penal colony on Sakhalin Island, off the eastern coast of Siberia some five thousand miles from European Russia. There convicts who had served out their sentences would be obliged to stay as settlers, albeit […]

Washer of the dead

Ruth Deming Willow Grove, Pennsylvania, United States   Dead bodies were nothing new to Sarah Washington. As a registered nurse, she peacefully viewed the stunning poses of the dead at her first job, a suburban hospital that closed shortly after she was hired. God had chosen her, she was assured, as she closed the eyes […]