Tag Archives: Fall 2015

Oppression in nursing practice

Denise Pasieka University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (Fall 2015) Oppression is the dehumanization of another and is often viewed as a negative result of power. It occurs when there are efforts to reduce, confine, and discipline people into subordination.1Oppressive behaviours are noted in nursing practice today but are often not questioned; instead, they are […]

Gilyarovsky and Gannushkin psychiatric hospitals in Moscow

Sergei Jargin Fig. 1. Gilyarovsky psychiatric hospital in Moscow, founded 1808. The Gilyarovsky and Gannushkin psychiatric hospitals can be discussed together because the latter was founded  in 1913 as a branch of the former, becoming a separate institution only in 1931. Both hospitals are located not far from each other, near the Sokolniki Park and […]

The Old Cook County Hospital of Chicago

George Dunea This venerable hospital still exists, but in some ways it exists no more, because in 2002 it was renamed, rebuilt, and drastically reduced in size.  But some half a century ago it was one the largest hospitals in the world. It had a bed capacity of 4500, almost 100,000 admissions each year, and […]

Westerbork Hospital – a blessing in disguise

Annabelle S. Slingerland Leiden, the Netherlands   Westerbork Hospital from the outside This year Westerbork Hospital in the east of the Netherlands celebrates its seventieth anniversary, not of its birth but of its closure. Despite its well-deserved reputation for medical care, it was part of Polizeiliches Durchgangslager Westerbork, a Nazi concentration camp that held persons selected […]

Consumption, Collapse, and Family by Alice Neel

Gregory M. Rutecki   “The personal images in Alice Neel’s work not only reflect her life, they also provide metaphors …There is no peace…in (her) paintings, only agitated recognition of inevitable struggles.”1 “…Alice Neel described the 20th Century as she experienced it, living in the ghetto with those against whom most of society discriminated. She […]

Tuberculosis Retrenched at Saranac Lake: A Herald for Contemporary Hospitals

Gregory M. Rutecki   Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau in his Laboratory “…progress is the retrenchment of diseases.”1 “In 1870, physicians could do little to cure…A hundred years later they intervene…in many…diseases. In a single century…understanding of disease increased more than in the previous forty centuries combined.”2 At the fin de siècle, American Medicine acquired a […]

A Return to a Moralistic Perception of Disease: Prudence in the Time of Cholera

Lauren Lewis   During the 1830s, a critical shift in thinking occurred about the causes of disease as medical practitioners increasingly shifted their views of causation towards the environment and away from morality and the individual. However, not all followed this shift in thinking, as evinced by Sylvester Graham, a deeply spiritual Presbyterian minister and […]

Mrs. Collins and the Body Snatchers

Michael Ellman Chicago, Illinois, United States In the morning the Medicine Consultation Service clears patients so they can undergo surgery. Fees from the operating rooms are the cash cow that drives the hospital. We read the electrocardiograms and declare no ischemia, lower the blood sugar with quick acting insulin, treat the hypokalemia with 20 milli-equivalents […]

The plague of ergotism and the grace of God

 Wilson F. Engel Gilbert, Arizona, USA   Detail of a patient suffering from advanced ergotism in the Isenheim Altarpiece Matthias Grünewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece Musée d’Unterlinden, France   Perhaps the best known and least forgettable of all Renaissance art works depicting the graphic effects of disease is Matthias Grünewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece (1506-1515), now in the Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar.1 […]

Dr. Pozzi at home: gynecologist, soldier, socialite

Sally Metzler Chicago, Illinois   Blessed with professional success and movie-star looks, Dr. Pozzi stands before us appearing regal in his red velvet dressing gown.  He was so admired for his sartorial élan that colleagues nicknamed him “The Siren.”  The artist of this masterful portrait, legendary American expatriate John Singer Sargent, presents Pozzi devoid of […]