Tag Archives: William Alexander Hammond

Hammond, Lincoln, and the emergence of American neurology

Jack Riggs Morgantown, West Virginia, USA   Surgeon General William A. Hammond (public domain) All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances, and one man in his time plays many parts. -William Shakespeare Shakespeare’s words describe the extraordinary life of William Alexander Hammond.1-8 […]

William Alexander Hammond

JMS Pearce  Hull, England, United Kingdom   Figure 1. William Alexander Hammond In much of the nineteenth century, ”internal medicine” dominated medical practice in the United States. Specialism was widely disdained and faced hostility and scepticism,i, not least from the influential Sir William Osler: There are, in truth, no specialties in medicine, since to know […]