Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Tag: Pharmacopoeia

  • American ginseng as an herbal emissary influencing Qing-American trade relations

    Richard Zhang Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States   Panax quinquefolium, as featured in a book by physician-botanist Jacob Bigelow, late 1810s. Public domain courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. On February 22, 1784, the Empress of China set sail from New York Harbor.1 Destined for the eponymous country, the American ship carried thirty tons of a wild root—ginseng.…