Tag Archives: Frederick Banting

Maligning Macleod and “Bettering” Best: the discovery of insulin as depicted in film before Michael Bliss

James R. Wright Jr. Calgary, Alberta, Canada   JJR Macleod circa 1928. Credit: University of Toronto. Via Wikimedia. In 1921, Fred Banting and Charley Best, working under the supervision of JJR Macleod, made crude pancreatic extracts from duct-ligated dog, fetal bovine, or whole adult bovine pancreata and used these to treat diabetes in depancreatized dogs. […]

Nobel Laureate Surgeons

Jayant Radhakrishnan Darien, Illinois, United States Mohammad Ezzi Jizan, Saudi Arabia   Originally published in the World Journal of Surgery and Surgical Research 2020; 3: 1206 under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Republished with author permission.   Introduction The Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine has been awarded to 219 scientists in the last 119 […]