Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Tag: Ear Infirmary

  • The Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary

    Samantha WilliamsonChicago, Illinois, United States The direct ophthalmoscope debuted in Germany in 1851, ushering in the modern era of ophthalmology. Seven years later, the introduction of the laryngoscope allowed direct visualization of the airway. In 1858, on the heel of these discoveries, Edward Holmes, a Massachusetts native who had trained in Vienna and Berlin, opened…