Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Tag: Caspar Netscher

  • Looking for lice in seventeenth-century art

    Howard FischerUppsala, Sweden “As far as we can ascertain, since man has existed the louse has been his inseparable companion.”1 Bathing, and even washing the hair and the face, were not common practices in seventeenth-century Europe. Children and adults of every social class, from the “the most privileged, to the poorest teemed with lice.”2 Head…