Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Tag: Andronicus III

  • Andronicus III, malaria, and Byzantium

    The decline and fall of the over one-thousand-year-old Byzantine empire constitutes an epic tragedy. Year after year, decade after decade, this once great empire became weaker and less likely to survive. In 1204, the Crusaders and Venetians conquered and plundered its capital, Constantinople, and divided the empire into four kingdoms. A newly established Latin empire…