Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Tag: 12th Century

  • Women in the medical profession: The trial of Jacoba Felicie de Almania

    Mariel TishmaChicago, Illinois, United States In November 1322 a group of folk healers and empirics were put on trial by the Faculty of Medicine from the University of Paris. Their crime was practicing medicine without licenses issued by the university. The punishment was excommunication and a fine of sixty Parisian livres.1 Among the group was…