Hektoen International

A Journal of Medical Humanities

Category: Past Issues

  • Willebrand disease discovered in a girl from the Aland archipelago

    In 1924 the Finnish physician Erik von Willebrand was consulted about the case of a five-year- old girl from the self-governing autonomous Swedish-speaking region of the Aland archipelago in the Baltic Sea. Born on February 1, 1870, in Vasa, Finland, von Willebrand had graduated in 1896 from the faculty of medicine of the University of…

  • Studying mummies and eggs: The delights of paleopathology

    Paleopathology is the study of disease by using mummified and skeletal remains, documents, early books, paintings, sculptures, and coprolites. Earlier investigators such as Esper and Cuvier focused on non-human specimens, but later ones expanded their interests to humans. They studied the ancient Egyptians and found evidence of osteoarthritis, tuberculosis, leprosy, and smallpox, as well as…

  • Test article

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  • Guidelines for the 2022 Medical Student Essay Contest

          Students currently enrolled in a medical school or program are encouraged to submit to Hektoen International’s 2022 Medical Student Essay Contest. Submissions will be reviewed by the Hektoen International Editorial Staff and a select group of contest judges who will determine the two winners of the following awards: Grand Prize: Single winner…

  • Spinach: The great myth

    Even now, many people believe that spinach is an excellent source of iron and that Popeye the Sailor Man had superhuman strength because he feasted on it. Smart though uneducated, he was supposed to know how to solve difficult problems, and although he did not smoke tobacco, he ate spinach through his pipe. He would…

  • The pineal: seat of the soul

    JMS Pearce Hull, England, United Kingdom   Fig 1. Pineal gland The pineal for millennia had been a structure of mystery. In Ancient Egyptian culture, The Eye of Horus was a sign of prosperity and protection, often referred to as the third eye. In Ayurvedic physiology it corresponds to the sixth chakra—Ajna, located in the…

  • Volume 13 Special Issue – Fall 2021

    Hektoen International is pleased to announce the winners of the 2021 Grand Prix Essay Competition.Winner: C. Louis Leipoldt: The polymath physician and literary giant, Stephen Marcus FinnRunner-Up: “Plague of the Sea, and the Spoyle of Mariners”—A brief history of fermented cabbage as antiscorbutic, Richard de Grijs Honorable Mentions Women surgeons, Moustapha Abousamra Airs and graces:…

  • Volume 13, Issue 4 – Fall 2021

    Please enjoy this selection of articles for fall. Hektoen International thanks all participants in our recent Grand Prix Essay contest. The winner will be announced in an upcoming issue. Frontispiece The discoverers of aspirin, JMS Pearce The year gross anatomy faced the scalpel, Michael Denham The snake, the staff, and the healer, Simon Wein History…

  • Volume 13, Issue 3 – Summer 2021

    We invite you to participate in the 2021 Hektoen Essay Competition honoring board member Mrs. Hella Mannheimer (1924–2020). Two prizes will be awarded: $5,000 for the winner and $2,500 for runner-up. Essays should be under 1,500 words. Deadline is September 15 at 12 pm (noon) CST. View guidelines here. Frontispiece Knock, or The Triumph of Medicine, Howard…

  • Guidelines for the 2021 Hektoen Grand Prix Essay Competition

    THE HEKTOEN INTERNATIONAL 2021 GRAND PRIX CLOSED SEPTEMBER 15th, 2021 AT 12PM (NOON).  We invite you to participate in the 2021 Hektoen Grand Prix Essay Competition in honor of Hektoen Institute Board Member Mrs. Hella Mannheimer (1924-2020). Two prizes will be awarded: $5,000 for the winner and $2,500 for the runner-up. Please read the instructions…